Types of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes – Causes and Treatment

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects many people in Ghaziabad. Untreated cases can lead to blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, and other severe conditions. If you suffer from any such conditions due to your diabetes, visit your diabetologist in Ghaziabad

What is diabetes?

Foods rich in carbohydrates contain a sugar called glucose. This glucose from the blood is transferred to cells with the help of insulin. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas. After the glucose is transferred, the cells use this glucose for energy.

When your body does not produce enough insulin to move glucose from the bloodstream to the cells, causing increased accumulation of glucose in your blood or high blood sugar, is termed diabetes. This can cause severe health problems.

Diabetes cannot be cured. But with treatment from a diabetologist in Ghaziabad and making some changes in your lifestyle, you can live a long, healthy life.

Diabetes is a disease where sweet is harmful and bitter is helpful. Sweet worsens diabetes, and bitter(medicine) cures diabetes.

What are the different types of diabetes?

Diabetes is of different types, depending on the cause. Some of the types of diabetes are mentioned below-

  • Prediabetes

Prediabetes is when your blood sugar is higher than it should be but not high enough for your doctor to diagnose diabetes. Prediabetes can increase your risk of getting type 2 diabetes and heart conditions. Regular exercise and keeping a check on your weight can lower the risk of diabetes.

  • Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes mostly starts at a young age and is more common in children and young people. It is an autoimmune condition where your body’s immune system attacks your pancreas with antibodies. Because of this the organ gets damaged and does not make insulin. This type of diabetes is caused due to genetic factors. It can also occur because of problems with cells in your pancreas that make insulin.

Regular exercise and proper medications can keep a check on this type of diabetes. Sometimes, having bitter(medicines) is a must to reduce and regulate the sweet(sugar). So, it is recommended to visit a doctor in Ghaziabad to treat diabetes.

  • Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults. But nowadays, children and teens also are prone to this type of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, enough insulin is not produced by your pancreas, causing high blood sugar levels. People who are obese are more prone to get this type of diabetes.

Obesity often causes insulin resistance, making it difficult for your pancreas to produce insulin, thus causing an increase in blood sugar levels. Regular exercise, eating right, and taking proper medications can keep type 2 diabetes under control.

  • Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta in pregnancy cause this type of diabetes. Gaining more weight and being overweight during pregnancy can increase the chance of getting this type of diabetes. Regular exercise and keeping your weight in check can help in diabetes treatment.

How are the different types of diabetes treated?

To keep your diabetes under check, you will need to work closely with your doctor no matter what kind you have.

The key priority is to stay within the target blood glucose range. Your doctor will advise you on the appropriate goal range. The type of diabetes, age, and occurrence of complications all influence the goals.

Your blood sugar targets will be lower if you have gestational diabetes than other forms of diabetes.

The importance of physical exercise in diabetes treatment cannot be overstated. Ask your doctor how many minutes of aerobic exercise you can do each week. Diet plays an essential role in maintaining proper control. You will just have to keep an eye on your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

1. Type 1 diabetes treatment

Since pancreatic damage is irreversible, all patients with type 1 diabetes must take insulin to live. There are different types of insulin available with varying times of onset, peak, and duration.

Insulin is pumped only under the surface of the blood. Your doctor will demonstrate how to administer correctly and change injection sites. You also can use an insulin pump, which is a device worn outside the body that can be programmed to release specific amounts of dose. Nowadays, continuous blood glucose monitors are also available, which check the sugar level 24 hours.

Throughout the day, you will need to keep an eye on your blood sugar levels. You will need to take drugs to monitor cholesterol, high blood pressure, or other risks if possible.

2. Type 2 diabetes treatment

Type 2 diabetes is treated with a combination of diet, exercise and several drugs to stabilize blood sugar. Medication is meant to improve the efficiency with which your body uses insulin. You will have to keep an eye on your blood sugar levels and take blood pressure and cholesterol-lowering drugs.

Sweets are good. But make sure they are within the limit as overeating sweet can worsen your diabetes and make you eat more bitter(medicines). So, following a healthy diet and doing regular exercise can keep your diabetes in check.